Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease typically involves a series of potential diseases and eye problems that occur as a result of a patient’s being diabetic. All of these diabetic eye diseases or issues can actually cause permanent vision loss due to the fact that they all focus around the area of the retina and the optic nerve. It is important to understand that the optic nerve is responsible for transmitting the images collected by the eye to the brain.

Some of the main diabetic eye diseases include diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and even the development of cataract sooner than expected.

Diabetic Retinopathy is a very serious eye disease and leading cause of adult vision loss that affects the retina. The retina is a very important part of transmitting visual images to the brain. This disease is caused by extreme changes in the blood vessels near the retina. These blood vessels actually swell up and leak. In other cases of diabetic retinopathy, patients experience blood vessels that expand and grow on the surface of the retina.

Having diabetes can be challenging enough with all of the strict dietary and medical efforts that need to made. Paying attention to potential eye problems is often overlooked. It is our goal to educate diabetic patients regarding the potential risks that they may face.

Before understanding the disease in complete detail the most important thing to do is get regular eye exams with a qualified ophthalmologist who understands the complexity of this disease.

Diabetic patients most at risk include those with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The longer someone has diabetes, the more likely it can be damaging. There are estimates that all diabetic patients have some level of diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy is predicted to be present in 90 percent of those who have had the disease for more than 20 years. This disease will gradually impair vision and lead to blindness if left unchecked. Diabetic retinopathy often brings no symptoms in the early stages. Vision may not be affected until this eye disease becomes critical.

Before treatment is required, there are some things that diabetic patients can do to limit the progression of this disease. According to the National Eye Institute, The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial showed that better control of blood sugar levels slows the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.

There are various reasons to keep control over blood sugar levels, so make sure to add prevention of vision loss and eventual blindness to that list. Most important, we stress the importance of very regular eye exams and a relationship with a qualified physician.